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August 2019
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International News
World hunger is still not going down after three years and obesity is still growing : UN report
 
Geneva: An estimated 820 million people did not have enough to eat in 2018, up from 811 million in the previous year, which is the third year of increase in a row. This underscores the immense challenge of achieving the Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger by 2030, says a new edition of the annual The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World report released today.

The pace of progress in halving the number of children who are stunted and in reducing the number of babies born with low birth weight is too slow, which also puts the SDG 2 nutrition targets further out of reach, according to the report.

At the same time, adding to these challenges, overweight and obesity continue to increase in all regions, particularly among school-age children and adults. The chances of being food insecure are higher for women than men in every continent, with the largest gap in Latin America.

"Our actions to tackle these troubling trends will have to be bolder, not only in scale but also in terms of multisectoral collaboration," the heads of the United Nations'' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the UN Children''s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO) urged in their joint foreword to the report.

Hunger is increasing in many countries where economic growth is lagging, particularly in middle-income countries and those that rely heavily on international primary commodity trade. The annual UN report also found that income inequality is rising in many of the countries where hunger is on the rise, making it even more difficult for the poor, vulnerable or marginalized to cope with economic slowdowns and downturns. "We must foster pro-poor and inclusive structural transformation focusing on people and placing communities at the centre to reduce economic vulnerabilities and set ourselves on track to ending hunger, food insecurity and all forms of malnutrition," the UN leaders said.

Slow progress in Africa and Asia The situation is most alarming in Africa, as the region has the highest rates of hunger in the world and which are continuing to slowly but steadily rise in almost all subregions. In Eastern Africa in particular, close to a third of the population (30.8 percent) is undernourished. In addition to climate and conflict, economic slowdowns and downturns are driving the rise. Since 2011, almost half the countries where rising hunger occurred due to economic slowdowns or stagnation were in Africa. The largest number of undernourished people (more than 500 million) live in Asia, mostly in southern Asian countries.

Together, Africa and Asia bear the greatest share of all forms of malnutrition, accounting for more than nine out of ten of all stunted children and over nine out of ten of all wasted children worldwide. In southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, one child in three is stunted. In addition to the challenges of stunting and wasting, Asia and Africa are also home to nearly three-quarters of all overweight children worldwide, largely driven by consumption of unhealthy diets.

This year''s report introduces a new indicator for measuring food insecurity at different levels of severity and monitoring progress towards SDG 2: the prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity. This indicator is based on data obtained directly from people in surveys about their access to food in the last 12 months, using the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES). People experiencing moderate food insecurity face uncertainties about their ability to obtain food and have had to reduce the quality and/or quantity of food they eat to get by.

The report estimates that over 2 billion people, mostly in low- and middle-income countries, do not have regular access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food. But irregular access is also a challenge for high-income countries, including 8 percent of the population in Northern America and Europe. This calls for a profound transformation of food systems to provide sustainably-produced healthy diets for a growing world population.

Number of hungry people in the world in 2018: 821.6 million (or 1 in 9 people) in Asia: 513.9 million in Africa: 256.1million in Latin America and the Caribbean: 42.5 million Number of moderately or severely food insecure: 2 billion (26.4 per cent) Babies born with low birth weight: 20.5 million (one in seven) Children under 5 affected by stunting (low height-for-age): 148.9 million (21.9 per cent) Children under 5 affected by wasting (low weight-for-height): 49.5 million (7.3 per cent) Children under 5 who are overweight (high weight-for-height): 40 million (5.9 per cent) School-age children and adolescents who are overweight: 338 million Adults who are obese: 672 million (13 per cent or 1 in 8 adults).


Despite tensions, Pak stands ready to open Kartarpur Corridor: Qureshi
Two Govt hospitals in Pak deny specialised ambulance facility to Sharif
UN, France raise concern over Amazon wildfires 'crisis'
US seeking balancing act in South Asia over Kashmir: Report
Pro-growth RBI minutes to cap yields; revives expectations for further policy easing
N Korea dismisses nuclear talks if US 'hostile military moves' continue
President Trump to discuss Kashmir with PM Modi at G7 summit in France
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ENTERTAINMENT NEWS
Vivek Oberoi to star in film on Balakot air strikes
 Mumbai: After portraying Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a biopic, Vivek Oberoi says he is set to pr  
Chris Pine to star in film about Richard Nixon lawyer John Dean
Amitabh Bachchan is my real life mentor: Chiranjeevi
It's challenging to reinvent constantly: Kriti Kharbanda
KERALA NEWS
Malayalam actor, film crew stranded in Himachal village
 Thiruvananthapuram: A 30-member film crew from Kerala, including award-winning actress Manju Warrier
Ex-Deputy Commandant of AR camp held in connection with constable's death
"More flights to Kerala from Gulf countries during Onam"
Flood in Kerala: CM conducts aerial survey
NATIONAL NEWS
INX Media: SC grants interim protection to Chidambaram in ED case; no relief in CBI matter
 New Delhi: Congress leader and former union finance minister P Chidambaram was on Friday granted pro
Always said demonising Modi wrong: Singhvi
Alert in Tamil Nadu after intel of Lashkar terrorists' intrusion
FATF Asia-Pacific Group puts Pakistan in terror 'blacklist': Officials
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