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Missing Mayor found dead in north Seoul        Heavy rain hits scenic central Japan, more damage in south        Bikru bloodbath mastermind Vikas Dubey nabbed in MP town        NIA to probe gold smuggling case, ex-Consulate woman employee moves HC for anticipatory bail        Kerala reports biggest daily spike of 339 infections,COVID-19 tally crosses 6,500 mark        Holder wins early battle with Stokes as Windies take control        Ganguly announces cancellation of Asia Cup in September        We have asked every state to adopt one sport: Rijiju        Rupee slips 9 paise to 75.02 against USD        ICICI Bank to raise up to Rs 15,000 crore to bolster capital base        Trump threatens to cut federal aid if schools don't reopen        Pak PM urges world community to share info on COVID-19 strategies as tally rises to 239,225        Enhancing global cooperation need of the hour to effectively tackle COVID-19: Prez        Kanpur encounter: 2 policemen held for 'tipping off' gangster Vikas Dubey about police action        CBSE should explain rationale behind dropping certain chapters from curriculum: Sisodia        301 test positive in Kerala,COVID-19 tally crosses 6,000 mark        Dhoni turns 39, wishes pour in from all corners        New era for cricket as England-West Indies series begins        India''s COVID-19 tally, fatality rate per million population lowest in world: Govt        Rahul asks why no mention of Galwan Valley in MEA statement on talks        
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Kerala News
COVID-19: India is not in community transmission stage, says ICMR
 
New Delhi: India's first sero-survey on COVID-19 spread has found that lockdown and containment measures were successful in preventing a rapid rise in infections, but a large proportion of the population still remains susceptible, the government said on Thursday, asserting that the country is not in the community transmission stage

The sero-survey has two parts, the first being, estimate fraction of population that has been infected with SARS-CoV-2 in general population and the second being, estimate fraction of population that has been infected with the coronavirus in containment zones of hotspot cities, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) Director General Balram Bhargava said at a media briefing

The first part has been completed and the second is ongoing, he said, adding that the survey was launched in May by the ICMR in collaboration with state health departments, the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) and the World Health Organisation (WHO).

Bhargava said the study involves surveying of a total of 83 districts with 26,400 people enrolling for it.

The figure that was shared with the media stated that data from 65 districts has been compiled till now

The sero-survey has found that 0.73 per cent of the population in the districts surveyed had evidence of past exposure to SARS-CoV-2 , Bhargava said

Lockdown and containment (measures) have been successful in keeping it low and preventing rapid spread, he said, citing the survey

However, it means that a large proportion of the population is still susceptible and risk is higher in urban areas (1.09 times) and urban slums (1.89 times) than rural areas, Bhargava said

It found that infection fatality rate is very low at 0.08 per cent and infection in containment zones were found to be high with significant variations, but the survey is still ongoing, he said

Since, a large proportion of the population is susceptible and infection can spread, non-pharmacological interventions such as physical distancing, use of face mask or cover, hand hygiene, cough etiquette must be followed strictly, Bhargava said

Urban slums are highly vulnerable for the spread of the infection and local lockdown measures need to continue as already advised by the government, he said

Elderly, chronic morbidities, pregnant women and children less 10 years of age need to be protected as they fall in the hig-risk category susceptible to COVID-19, he said

Efforts to limit the scale and spread of the disease will have to be continued by strong implementation of containment strategies by states. The states cannot lower their guard and need to keep on implementing effective surveillance and containment strategies, Bhargava said

"India is not in community transmission. We have to continue with our strategy of testing, tracing, tracking, quarantine and containment measures; we should not give up our guard on these, he said.


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